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Université Toulouse 1 Capitole Law Economics Management

The University History

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Toulouse University was the second university to be created in France in 1229, after the Sorbonne in 1200.


However, it is not quite right to talk about the University in France from the Ancien Régime to 1896, as these were only groups of independent Faculties as well as a number of « grandes écoles » in Paris.

At the end of the Second Empire, provincial Faculties were facing a general state of poverty and dereliction : four of them (Law, Literature, Sciences, Catholic Theology) were coexisting in Toulouse. But the Law Faculty was the major one registering three-quarters of the Toulouse students and the most prestigious professors, as it was already the case under the Ancien Régime. The Toulouse faculties nevertheless reflected the poor quality of higher education in provincial France. It was not until the 1880s and Louis Liard and Ernest Lavisse’s actions granting the Faculties greater autonomy that the municipality of Toulouse gave the city cultural institutions worthy of its national role.

But the problems arising from « Parisian » centralization were still hampering the development of Faculties and remained unchanged at the start of the 20th century and until 12 november1968, when the Higher Education Policy Act, known as the Edgar Faure Act, was passed. It created a new type of new establishments " Scientific and cultural public establishments" (E.P.C.S.C). The old faculties disappeared and were replaced by Research and Teaching Units (U.E.R) clustered within the Universities. That is how three Universities emerged in Toulouse: Toulouse 1 Social Science University (Law, Economics and Management) renamed Toulouse 1- Capitole University in 2009, Toulouse 2 Le Mirail University (Humanities) and Toulouse 3 Paul Sabatier University (Sciences and Health)

The main principles implemented through the Act are autonomy, participation and multi disciplinarity, which brought the establishments significant independence. Since then, UT1 Capitole has undergone a great number of changes while remaining deeply attached to its historical origins shaped by illustrious men.

For further information, please go to the pages of the mission Archives (French website).


Date of update February 12, 2013

Contact details

2 rue du Doyen-Gabriel-Marty
31042 Toulouse Cedex 9
Tél : +33(0)
Fax : +33(0)

Documentation (French website)

Contact University: +33(0)

Toulouse 1 Capitole (UT1) is a teaching and research centre of international excellence for law, economics and management. We are proud to have Jean Tirole, the 2014 Nobel Prize in Economy among our lecturer-researchers. In 2012, it was awarded the "Jean-Monnet Centre of Excellence" label by the European Commission.

Three campuses in France, all located in the city centre, in Toulouse, Montauban and Rodez.
Three establishments abroad:
Vietnam, Morocco and Vanuatu.

A network of 200 partner universities.

  • Faculty of Law and Political Science
  •   • European School of Law
  • Toulouse School of Economics (TSE)
  • IAE Toulouse, School of Management (IAE)
  • Faculty of Administration and Communication Studies
  • Information Technology Faculty
  • Rodez IUT
  • Languages and Civilizations
  • Mathematics
  • Physical Activities